European Countries

We’ve collected some pertinent information for each of the countries of Europe, including region, language(s), currency, population, and capital city, and we provide this information to you on this site in table form. For each European country we have a dedicated page of information — for example, here’s the page for Sweden. We also offer convenient tagging of countries to indicate their use of the Euro currency, along with their membership in the European Union and/or the Schengen Area. European regions as provided on this site reflect the geographical sub-regions of Europe as defined by EuroVoc, maintained by the European Union.

Note that we’ve excluded a few countries due to their small populations (fewer than 1 million inhabitants) — specifically the Holy See, San Marino, Monaco, and Liechtenstein. Additionally, while some may quibble about which countries should be considered to be classified as part of Europe, we’ve reflected the EuroVoc listing for consistency and inclusion. So, for example, we include the countries of the Caucuses such as Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.

The Euro (EUR) (€) is the official currency for most of the European Union (EU) member states. For more information, see the EU’s Euro page and/or the Wikipedia article on the Euro. To find out which EU (and non-EU) countries officially use the Euro, see our Euro country list.

To learn more about the European Union and its member states, visit the official EU website and/or the Wikipedia article on the EU. To see the EU member states, visit our EU country listing.

The Schengen Area, also sometimes referred to as the Schengen Zone, is a collection of European countries that have abolished all passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders, thereby providing one jurisdiction for international travel. For additional information on the Schengen Area, see the European Commission’s site and/or the Wikipedia article about the Schengen Area. To see the Schengen Area member states, visit our Schengen Area listing. While offering convenience for traveling between many European countries, one practical impact of the Schengen Area is that a traveler without a visa can only stay in the Schengen Area for 90 days in any 180-day period. This means that moving between Schengen Area member countries does not restart the days count for the maximum time spent — for example, the maximum stay without a visa continues even if one travels from Norway to the Czech Republic and then to Spain. The EU offers a short stay calculator for the Schengen Area to help you keep track of time spent in member countries to be sure you stay within the limit.

In addition to the information offered for each country as described above, individual country pages on TheEuroFiles site provide visa information, such as whether a visa is required to visit, and what the maximum stay duration is without a visa. Please note that the focus audience for this site is United States citizens, and so the visa information reflects the situation for US citizens primarily. This is because we ourselves are US citizens, and it would become unwieldy to attempt to reflect visa situations for all “source” countries around the world for each destination European country. We also include a link to the country’s immigration office website so you can check for yourself there what options you have for visiting or living the respective country.

If you’re ready to explore a particular region in Europe, you can jump right in using one of the convenient groups below:

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